This page Nautical almanac and sumner line on our self-instruction website emphasizes the significance of the nautical almanac as a crucial tool for celestial navigation. It assists mariners in accurately determining their position using the Sumner line of position or line of position de St Marcq Hilaire while navigating the open sea.

And the nautical almanac is also used for the calculation of daylight hours and mandatory compass checks.

I will only refer to the necessary tables for the sun.

Thus, I present some very simplified pages from the nautical almanac to make reading easier, solely for the main purpose of this site: calculating a line of position with the sun.

It should be noted that the nautical almanac is very dense and complete in a more universal context, including the planets, the moon, the stars, and all other useful tables for celestial navigation

In summary, the almanac mainly contains two different sections: 1. the daily pages and 2. the permanent tables.

### Nautical almanac and sumner line: daily pages

Declination (D) and Greenwich hour angle (GHA) in the nautical almanac

Firstly This publication gives for each day and each whole UT hour the Declination and GHA in the daily pages and it is up to us to interpolate and find the declination and GHA to the nearest second.

Nautical almanac and sumner line:

For example, in the Larochelle exercise, the Universal Time (UT) is 10 hours, 40 minutes, and 19 seconds.

### daily page

sun

Also this daily page has been downloaded on the nauticalalmanac.it website with the kind permission of its author Capt. Roberto Iori. You can also look at the link page

For the whole hour 26/01/2022:

GHA at 10 hours = 326°52′,8

The Declination of the sun at 10 hours = 18°40′,1 S

The value of d is 0.6 ‘ (decreasing 0’,6 per hour.)

For the exact hour:

See increment of the sun’s hour angle

How to calculate sun’s Declination

Subsequently ( D ) and ( GHA ) are used with time (UT) in our mathematical formulas (solving the spherical triangle)

Nautical almanac and sumner line:

#### permanent tables in the nautical almanac

Of course, these tables remain constant and are not updated annually like some other data in this publication

##### Increments and corrections tables:

Firstly, these increments tables show you the conversion time to arc

Indeed, the hour angle of the sun increases by 15 degrees every hour.

60 minutes → 15°

30 minutes → 7°30’

15 minutes → 3°45’

16 minutes and 7 seconds → 4° 01’,8 (see table below)

Furthermore, we find for each minute a table with *60 *seconds.

The reason for these tables is that they can replace an electronic calculator.

sun only

Time to Arc:

TIME xx hour 16 minutes 07 seconds UT

→ ARC = 4° 01′.8

permanent tables in the nautical almanac:

#### altitude corrections tables

Also, we will find a lot of explanations for the altitude correction tables in the interactive worksheet.

In fact, the french and english nautical almanacs use different methods for altitude corrections

Of course this is the english version

#### In addition the french nautical almanac

Éphémérides nautiques

(Bureau des Longitudes)

Moreover, the Greenwich Hour Angle (GHA) is commonly referred to as l’angle horaire du soleil (AHvo)

Also, see the french version of my french website (https://ladroitedehauteur.com)